History and Geography

History is a disciplined process of inquiry into the past that helps to explain how people, events and forces from the past have shaped our world. It allows students to

  • locate and understand themselves and others
  • explore human actions and achievements in a range of historical contexts
  • become aware that history is all around us
  • understand that historical perspectives and information may be drawn from the physical remains of the past as well as written, visual and oral sources.

The study of History from Kindergarten to Year 6 investigates the actions, motives and lifestyles of people over time, from individuals, family members, local communities, expanding to national and world history contexts. The culmination of the students’ studies in History and Geography is the Year 6 Cultural Day – ‘World Expo’. History at St Bernard’s strengthens an appreciation for and an understanding of civics and citizenship, historical experiences of different cultural groups within our society such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, migrants and women.

Students at St Bernard’s will develop skills in Historical concepts such as:

  • cause and effect
  • change and continuity
  • significance, empathy and contestability.

The iCentre will be the information hub where students will carry out inquiry based investigations using a 21st century learning model, incorporating collaboration, creativity and technology. They will investigate historical issues through a range of sources that will stimulate curiosity and develop problem-solving, research and critical thinking skills.

Students at St Bernard’s will learn to:

  • develop language specific to the discipline of History
  • critically analyse and interpret sources of evidence
  • construct Informative and Persuasive texts based on evidence, drawn from the past.
  • engage in research involving traditional methods and ICT, including web-based sources and a range of technologies for historical research and communication.

Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. It integrates knowledge from natural sciences, social sciences and humanities to build a holistic understanding of the world.

Students learn to:

  • question why the world is the way it is
  • reflect on their relationships with and responsibilities for the world
  • and propose actions designed to shape a sustainable future.

Geography emphasises the importance of the environment in supporting human life from local to global scales and the relationships between people and the natural world for their wellbeing. Geographical inquiry involves students acquiring, processing and communicating geographical information. Students will explain patterns, evaluate consequences and contribute to the management of places and environments.

Students will learn to apply skills including:

  • asking distinctively geographical questions
  • planning an inquiry and evaluating information
  • processing, analysing and interpreting that information
  • reaching conclusions based on evidence and logical reasoning
  • evaluating and communicating their findings
  • reflecting on their inquiry and responding through action

Students at St Bernard’s will engage in fieldwork and use other tools including mapping and spatial technologies for geographical inquiry.

Excursions are planned to support learning in both History and Geography. These excursions occur at a local and state level including our national capital Canberra. Local venues may include Batemans Bay Museum, Botanic Gardens, Batemans Bay Marine Park, Mogo Zoo, Bingi Dreaming Track and Shire Offices. Stage 2 and 3 students also visit venues in Canberra; Parliament House, The Electoral Centre, National Museum and Birrigai and Narrabeen, NSW.

Geography enables students to become active, responsible and informed citizens preparing them for active participation in community life committed to sustainability intercultural understanding and lifelong learning.